More fun with Swift 5 String Interpolation: Radix formatting

I’m still kicking the tires and enjoying the new string interpolation features in Swift 5. Today’s extension enables (optionally padded) radix-based interpolation. You interpolate a number and specify a radix, the numerical base used to present it.

For example:

"\(42, radix: .hex)" // 2a
"\(42, radix: .binary)" // 101010
"\(42, radix: .octal)" // 52
"\(0x2a, radix: .decimal)" // 42
"\(15, radix: .hex, prefix: true, toWidth: 2)" // 0x0F

With padding you can ensure, for example, that a non-wide color is presented using two digits per color, with or without a prefix. Start with 15 and end up with F, 0F, or 0x0F , as desired.

It’s a simple extension for a task I use pretty regularly. I decided to use lowercase prefixes (0x and 0b) and uppercase hex (7F vs 7f). If you’d rather swap that out, change the prefix property and/or the first line in the interpolation:

public extension String.StringInterpolation {
    /// Represents a single numeric radix
    enum Radix: Int {
        case binary = 2, octal = 8, decimal = 10, hex = 16
        /// Returns a radix's optional prefix
        var prefix: String {
             return [.binary: "0b", .octal: "0o", .hex: "0x"][self, default: ""]
    /// Return padded version of the value using a specified radix
    mutating func appendInterpolation<I: Binary Integer>(_ value: I, radix: Radix, prefix: Bool = false, toWidth width: Int = 0) {
        // Values are uppercased, producing `FF` instead of `ff`
        var string = String(value, radix: radix.rawValue).uppercased()
        // Strings are pre-padded with 0 to match target widths
        if string.count < width {
            string = String(repeating: "0", count: max(0, width - string.count)) + string
        // Prefixes use lower case, sourced from `String.StringInterpolation.Radix`
        if prefix {
            string = radix.prefix + string

I haven’t had a chance to test this much so if you see any issues, please let me know.

I have more to follow with more general NumberFormatter approaches that extend the interpolator (thanks, Dave DeLong!) and some fun suggestions and examples that will cover the new custom string delimiters.

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